How to make Shear Blade Gap adjustment?
Plate shears are usually used to cut metal sheets for metalworkg industry. the shearing operations are performed by the action of the two Cutting blades. They eliminate stress through vibration aging with good rigidity and stability. To fit different sheet metal cutting material and thickness, we need to know how to adjust the shear blade gaps or changes the cutting blade blades.
1. Adjust the blade clearance according to the die cutting clearance value
As we all know, the cutting clearance is generally 6~8% of the material thickness (the bilateral clearance is 1.00 mm thick). The shear blade gap can be half of the bilateral gap value, that is, 3~4% of the material thickness.
Due to the structure of plate shears, the blade gap can be smaller, so that the burr of the cutting material is smaller.
2 Check the plate shears to make sure if need to change the knife or adjust the knife gap
Before adjusting the blade clearance, we should first see whether the equipment status is to tool change and maintenance. In the case of adjustment from the beginning, it needs to be adjusted step by step.
3. Steps of Shear Blade Gap adjustment
The following steps are for shear blade gap adjustment as below:
1.) Remove the bottom blade and clean it one by one.
2.) The blades can be used on four sides, and the selected side shall be tight to install. Please check the straightness of the blade in both horizontal and vertical directions.
3.) The upper blade is fixed, which is unable to be adjusted. Instead, we can adjust the shear blade gap on the lower blade.
4.) Find out the left and right screws of the lower blade to increase the gap at the outermost side.
5.) Find out the left and right screws of the lower blade to narrow the gap. and There are locking backup nuts on the inside.
6.) Loosen the left and right 4 bolts on the table.
7.) The manual turning gear will lower the top blade to the proper position, and the operator is ready for the shear blade gap adjustment.
8.) Use a feeler gauge to roughly adjust to 0.5 mm from where the upper and lower blades of the left hand are not engaged.
9.) Manually turn to move the blade up to the middle position and roughly adjust it to 0.5 mm.
10.) Manually turn to move the blade up to the position where the upper and lower knives are not disengaged on the right, and roughly adjust the middle position to 0.5mm.
11.) Manually turn the upper blade to the proper position for fine adjustment.
12.) Use the feeler gauge to fine-adjust the upper and lower blade of the left hand from the part that is not occluded, and until the three threads can be inserted and the five threads cannot reach.
13.) Manually turn to move the blade up to the middle position and start fine adjustment until three wires of the feeler gauge can enter five wires not reach.
14.) Manually turn the tool to move the blade up to the position where the upper and lower knives on the right are not disengaged and start fine adjustment until three wires of the feeler gauge can be inserted and five wires cannot be inserted.
15.) The above is for the new shear, and the feeler gauge can be adjusted until three wires can be inserted and five wires cannot be inserted.
16.) In the case of old machine, adjust the feeler gauge carefully until ten wires can enter twenty wires. Or make appropriate adjustments according to 1/10-1/20 of the required shear sheet metal thickness.
17.) When the cutting edge of the plate shearer is sharp, if there is burr on the edge of the cut plate, the gap between the upper and lower blades can be appropriately reduced.